When you’re looking for a CBD product to purchase, you may see some products labeled differently. Full Spectrum Hemp Extract, THC-Free, Aerial Plant Parts, and CBD are just a few of the descriptions you might find on a bottle of CBD. Let’s take a closer look at some of these terms, and what they mean for you when you’re looking for a CBD product.
Full Spectrum Hemp Extract
Over 100 different cannabinoids that exist naturally in plants (phytocannabinoids) have been isolated from the Cannabis plant. Cannabidiol, or CBD, is the predominant cannabinoid in industrial hemp products. Legally, these industrial hemp products – like the ones sold by The Hemp Health – cannot contain more than 0.3% tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Along with CBD, hemp contains an abundance of compounds including terpenes, plant sterols, chlorophyll, and many others.
We believe that using a full-spectrum hemp extract will allow your body to take full advantage of all the cannabinoids and other compounds that are found in hemp. It is believed that these compounds work synergistically, which is sometimes referred to as the “Hemptourage Effect”.
A 2015 study showed that when pure CBD (that is, the single molecule, without any other compounds) was administered to a group of mice, the benefit resembled a bell-curve. This means that at very low doses and very high doses, there was little to no benefit, and at the “sweet spot” somewhere in the middle, the optimal dose was found. In contrast, when the mice were given the whole plant CBD-rich extract, there was a dose-dependent response curve. This means that the benefit was realized at lower doses and that a larger benefit was realized at higher doses.
While we don’t believe that more is always better when it comes to CBD, we appreciate the findings of that study, which support our recommendations to use the whole plant or full-spectrum hemp extract.
THC-free Hemp Products
Some patients have concerns about even the small (<0.3%) amount of THC that is found in agricultural hemp products. This may be for a number of reasons, but the most common concern is that there is a possibility of a positive result on a urine drug screen. While there is a 1-2% chance of a positive result with using full-spectrum hemp products, we have many patients who are using full-spectrum hemp products from The Hemp Health and have not had a positive urine drug screen.
That being said, we understand that patients who may be randomly drug tested as a condition of their employment (such as healthcare workers, transportation workers subject to DOT physicals, law enforcement officers, firefighters, EMTs/paramedics, etc) may prefer a different product. We do sell products that are THC-free. That is, the THC has been removed as part of the processing of the product, so you’re still getting the benefit of CBD, but may not be experiencing the optimal benefit that you would be getting with the full spectrum extract.
We think that it’s important for you to understand how CBD works in your body. While much of this information is in “laymen’s” terms, it should give you a sound grasp on the concepts of CBD and how it could work for you.
The brands of CBD that we sell were selected based on their quality of sourcing, processing, chemical analysis policies, and third party independent analytical testing. These companies have been pioneers in the hemp industry, and they continue to support scientific case studies and the legislative movement to make CBD available nationwide to consumers. Do not get overwhelmed by this information, and feel free to call us with any questions! We’re here for you!
WHAT EXACTLY IS CBD, and how can it help my body?
Your body produces endocannabinoids (bear with me here!), these are “messengers” that are isolated from the brain and peripheral tissues that communicate using cannabinoid receptors located throughout your body.
In order for these messengers to convey information, you must produce a healthy supply and the receptors must be healthy and active. Unfortunately, through the natural course of aging and due to many outside factors that cause stress to our operating systems, our production of endocannabinoids may no longer be sufficient.
This is where phytocannabinoids come into play. Cannabidiol (CBD) is a phytocannabinoid whose molecules very closely resemble those of your endocannabinoids. CBD can often step in and fill the gap in your messaging system, creating the potential for better reduction in pain & inflammation, a stronger immune balance, and for some a better response to and recovery from stress and anxiety.
Think of a giant puzzle with some missing pieces. Your brain can pretty much tell what that puzzle picture is… but still, with those missing pieces, the message isn’t clear. CBD is able to sharpen the picture and fill in the gaps. As the CBD is slowly introduced to your system, the receptors begin to recognize that activity and the presence of the chemical that they are designed to receive and “wake up”. Once there is some reactivation of the receptors, your body has an increased ability for “cross-system” communication… in other words, get more accurate messages to the correct locations.
Finding Your Dose
We recommend starting with a sublingual oil so you can start low and titrate your dose up. We also recommend that you commit to 2 to 4 months for your desired health benefits. The key to success with your hemp product is patience and working your dose up until you get relief
One of the most important things to be very clear on is that there is no ‘across the board’ dose for CBD Oil. The very best way to find the amount of CBD that will be effective for you is to begin low 5-10 mg at bedtime. After 3 days go to twice daily and slowly work your dose up every 3 days. Once you get the desired results, stay at that dose. You may always increase or decrease your dose to get your desired health results. Certain conditions take a longer time and a higher dosage. We have seen people get no benefit for weeks then get relief on week 7 or 8.
It is also good to recognize that the needs of your body are not exactly the same each day. Most people find an average daily dose that is helpful but they also acknowledge that on some days, the dose needs to be increased a bit due to variables such as changes in the weather, pain from ‘overdoing it’ a bit, or a stressful event.
Almost everyone who is considering CBD asks, “Why can’t I just start with the highest dose capsule?” Many folks are put off by the oral spray or sublingual (under the tongue) oil format… but it is an important tool for you and here’s why:
The spray or oil applications allow you to begin at the modest dose of 3 to 6 mg of CBD and increase very gradually over a 2 to 4 month trial. This slow introduction greatly increases the chance that you will experience as much receptor activation as possible. If you begin at higher doses prior to ‘nudging’ your receptors you may be wasting some of the CBD. There is no advantage to starting at the highest dose.
Once you have established your “foundation” dose, then you can decide which format will best serve your needs. Capsules & soft gels are available in a variety of doses. We believe that placing the oil under your tongue provides the best absorption. We even have ointments if you have targeted issues with one joint.
There are also those who find that a capsule in the morning and a few sprays or drops in the afternoon provides their custom dose. Remember, everyone is different. In the end, you are using the introduction of CBD to slowly wake up your body, setting the stage for best results, and finding the optimal dose for your targeted wellness issues.
Introducing… The Dosing Schedule!
Once you chose your starting dose ( Dose x) use that at bedtime for 3 days. Days 4-6 use the starting dose twice daily.
Day 1-3 Dose x at bed for 3 days
Day 4-6 Dose x twice daily
Day7-9 Dose x am, Dose 2x(twice the starting dose)
Day 10-12 Dose 2x(twice the starting dose) twice daily
You may continue increasing every 3-7 days after the first 2 weeks until you get the desired effect.
Rushing through the dosing schedule does not provide any additional benefit, and may cause you to waste the CBD oil that you’ve invested in.
Pay attention to your body. Maybe there are certain areas of your body that really hurt every morning when you wake, or prevent you from falling asleep at night, or flare up when you engage in a specific activity (reaching up to get something from the kitchen cabinet, swinging your leg up when you get onto your bike). Pay attention to these as you move through your first days using CBD. If at any point you feel that some of this pain that you have become used to is changing or reducing, make a note of this on the back of your chart. If at some point you realize that you are just feeling a bit better in general, make a note of this.
You can ‘pause’ your trial at any point and REPEAT that same dose for a few days to determine if that is a good daily dose for you. (i.e., on day 10 you really feel a reduction in pain… rather than moving onto day 11 you are going to do the Day 10 dose for 2 or 3 days. Maybe this is your dose? Has your pain gone from a level of 10 to a level of 6? Or less? Is your stress response easing up? Anxiety diminishing? Sleep improving?
If you have experienced a reduction in pain or anxiety but would like to see if you can get an even better result, then go ahead and proceed with increasing the dose until desired results
Once you have determined your best dose, then you can choose which format is best for you.
- The dosing trial is meant to continue until you get relief. CBD takes 4-12 weeks to see the results you desire depending on what you are using it for. The key is patience and working your dose up every 3 days until desired effect.
- CBD & your prescription medications: With rare exception (e.g., blood-thinning medications ), there is no conflict with medications during the dosing trial. If you find that CBD is a good tool for you and you are interested in ongoing use, then it is wise to speak to your prescribing physician. CBD makes use of some of the same pathways in the body that many common medications use. Over the long run, this “competition” for pathways may lessen or increase the effectiveness of a medication. Your physician can monitor this at your check-ups and make dosing adjustments if needed. Do not make these adjustments on your own. If you are taking a specialized medication or have an acute health condition with related medications, please speak to us about this prior to beginning your trial.
How Science Supports the Benefits
Whole-plant extract contains cannabinoids, which are chemical compounds within the hemp plant that have been reported, both from anecdotal evidence and pre-clinical studies, to offer relief from a multitude of ailments.
Structurally, cannabinoids resemble endocannabinoids which are compounds our bodies naturally produce to balance and control communication between cells as well as promote cellular health.
Preliminary research suggests that many unpleasant symptoms and diseases occur when a deficiency or other problem impacts the endocannabinoid system (ECS). The primary function of the ECS is to maintain homeostasis. It allows cells to communicate with other cells and their external environment and facilitates cells doing whatever is necessary to be healthy. Cannabinoids have been shown to bind to a number of different receptor sites in the brain and body, and have different effects based on which receptors they bind to and how they interact.
The most well-known receptor interactions are those between cannabinoids and CB1 and CB2 receptors, which are the primary receptors in the ECS. CB1 receptors are concentrated in the brain and central nervous system while CB2 receptors are concentrated in the peripheral immune system.
CB1 receptors regulate:
- Learning and memory
- Neuronal development and synaptic plasticity
- Reward and addiction
- Neuroinflammation and degeneration
- Metabolism and food intake
- Bone mass
- Cardiovascular effects
CB2 receptors regulate:
- Allergic and autoimmune inflammatory disease
- Neurodegenerative disease
- Ischemic injury from stroke or heart attack
- Chronic pain
- Hepatic injury and disease
- Alcohol and nicotine addiction
- Weight gain
- Stress response
Receptors function at a base level of activity. When cannabinoids, like those found in activated hemp extract, bind to these receptors, the receptors either do more or less of what they were doing. For example, inflammation is a common cause of discomfort. When cannabinoids interact with CB2 receptors, some studies indicate that it reduces the inflammatory response. It has also been reported that activated hemp extract interacts with CB2 receptors on cancer cells by recognizing these cells are not healthy and initiating apoptosis (a sequence of biochemical reactions that results in cell death).
With an increasing understanding of the effects of cannabinoids, patients can now tailor their cannabinoid therapy regimen to the type of relief they need.
Learn More About Hemp
Whole-plant hemp extract is a combination of the most prevalent therapeutic, activated compounds in the hemp plant. It offers numerous benefits without altering your mental state. For decades, medical professionals and the general public overlooked hemp extract because other plant remedies took center stage.
Now, the medicinal potential of hemp extract has made its way to mainstream audiences. Pre-clinical trials over the past four decades have found that cannabinoids, like those found in hemp extract, show the potential to be a natural anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, neuroprotectant, antidepressant, along with many other benefits.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is the most predominant cannabinoid in hemp and has many beneficial properties.
In its patent (#6,630,507) titled CANNABINOIDS AS ANTIOXIDANTS AND NEUROPROTECTANTS, the U.S. Federal Government makes many impressive claims about CBD, stating that:
- “Cannabinoids are potent antioxidants… they easily penetrate tissues giving them the ability to enter the central nervous system and brain.”
- “Non-psychoactive cannabinoids such as CBD are particularly advantageous as they are non-toxic… and exhibit unique antioxidant properties without the undesirable effects of THC.”
- “The antioxidant strength of CBD is significantly greater than that of either Vitamin C or Vitamin E.”
Is CBD Oil Right For You?
We cannot make any specific claims as to the benefits of CBD. The benefits of hemp are well documented, however. CBD Oil products are made with CBD that is derived from agricultural hemp. Hemp has several benefits: it is nutrient-rich, non-psychotoxic, eco-friendly and good for the earth.
Nutrient-rich – Hemp contains excellent nutritional value, providing essential nutritional components called Essential Fatty acids that the human body does not produce naturally, and must be consumed by the diet. Further, emerging scientific research supports the consumption of CBD from hemp oil for general well-being.
Non-psychotoxic – Agricultural hemp keeps you healthy, doesn’t get you “high.”
Eco-friendly – Not only is hemp renewable and fast-growing, but nearly every part of the plant is also usable – for food, fiber, building materials, and fuel, with an estimated 25,000 uses!
Good for the earth – Hemp sequesters CO2 and doesn’t need herbicides to thrive. It also leaves the soil in better condition than before it was planted.
The growth of public interest in CBD and CBD Oil products around the world and in the United States is undeniably large. CBD Oil continues to gain visibility and prominence as more consumers try CBD products. Many people have described their experience taking CBD Oil products as feeling contented, clear-headed, and composed.
Try CBD so that you can decide for yourself if CBD is right for you.
Why No One Has Ever Died From Hemp
There is one place in the body where there is no endocannabinoid system and no cannabinoid receptors – the brain stem. The brain stem is the control center for the heart and breathing. This means that it is not possible for cannabinoids to overwhelm those systems and cause them to shut down. This is why, in more than 4,000 years, no one has ever died from consuming hemp.
Cannabidiol, or CBD, is a promising phytocannabinoid found in agricultural hemp. It has been recognized for its benefits on human and animal health and is capable of affecting nearly every biological process. CBD is non-psychotoxic (i.e. it does not result in feelings of euphoria) and has a remarkable safety profile.
Plus CBD Oil is derived from agricultural hemp and provides cannabinoids, naturally occurring vitamin E and fatty acids.
Phytocannabinoids like CBD, of which well over 100 have been found to exist, are plant derivatives that ‘talk’ to just about every major organ system in the body via the endocannabinoid system (ECS), helping restore normal balance and physiologic homeostasis.
WHAT IS THE ENDOCANNABINOID SYSTEM?
So what does it mean to literally have a cannabinoid system inside the body? It means that we were designed to regularly supply our ECS with the nutrients it was designed for, in support of vital communications between the control centers of the body and every other system.
However, due to the governmental regulation of hemp and cannabis over the last 80 years, most humans living today have gone their entire lives without feeding their bodies these raw materials.
Imagine a large orchestra, and the members being made to play their instruments while blind-folded. They can’t see the conductor and they can’t read the music. Sometimes they get it right, but most of the time it’s a mess. This is your body without the nutrients provided by hemp. Bringing the body back into harmony could be as simple as replacing this lost nutrition.
THE HEMPTOURAGE EFFECT
Sometimes called the ‘whole plant’ or ‘entourage effect,’ cannabis offers a complex biochemical matrix of many of the constituents in cannabis working synergistically. But it leaves behind other compounds that are only available when you eat the entire plant.
Our PlusCBD Oil™ products provide even more broad-spectrum nutrition, exerting a synergistic, ”HempTourage effect,” because they include over 500 distinct compounds including:
Phytocannabinoids, Fatty Acids, Terpenes, Plant Sterols, Chlorophyll and Vitamin E
2-AG: an ester formed from the arachidonic acid and glycerol that occurs naturally in the brain and is a CB1 receptor agonist; one of the two known endocannabinoids.
Agricultural Hemp: refers to varieties of the Cannabis Sativa L. plant that contains less than 0.3% THC in the dry weight material, and is grown for industrial purposes.
Anandamide: a derivative of arachidonic acid that occurs naturally in the brain (as well as some foods) and acts as a messenger molecule, playing roles in appetite, depression, memory, and fertility; one of the two known endocannabinoids.
Cannabis Sativa L.: a species of plant in the Cannabis genus; refers to both agricultural hemp and marijuana.
CB1: cannabinoid receptor found primarily in the central nervous system (nerves in the brain and spinal cord).
CB2: cannabinoid receptor found primarily in the peripheral nervous system (nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord).
CBC: short for cannabichromene; a phytocannabinoid found in cannabis that has little to no intoxicating effects.
CBD: short for cannabidiol; a phytocannabinoid found in the cannabis; does not result in euphoria and has shown to have benefits on human and animal health.
CBD-A: short for cannabidiolic-acid; an acidic cannabinoid, the naturally occurring raw form of CBD that is produced directly in the plant.
CBG: short for cannabigerol; known as the “parent cannabinoid” and is the chemical precursor to THC and CBD.
CBN: short for cannabinol; a phytocannabinoid found in cannabis; it is produced when THC is metabolized and has little to no intoxicating effects.
Chlorophyll: refers to groups of green pigmented molecules found in plants and algae, that is important for plant photosynthesis.
CO2 Extraction: method used to extract our CBD oil concentrates; CO2 gas is pressurized into a safe liquid and used to extract oils from plants with the advantage of no solvent residue.
Decarboxylation: removing a carboxyl group from a chemical compound; the process used to convert the CBD-A in raw CBD oil to a CBD total plant complex.
Distilled oil: refers to some formulations of CBD that contain the highest concentration of CBD; this is the ultimate step in refining CBD oil, where excess plant material is distilled the total plant complex in a solvent-free process.
Endocannabinoid: naturally occurring cannabinoids in the human body.
Endocannabinoid System: refers to endocannabinoids, the enzymes that regulate their production and degradation, and their receptors.
Endogenous: self-made; originating from within an organism.
Entourage Effect: refers to the idea that biologically active compounds can have enhanced biological activity when administered in combination with otherwise inactive compounds as opposed to isolated active compounds administered alone.
Fatty Acid: long hydrocarbon chain, with a carboxyl group (COOH) at the end; important part of the fat-soluble components of living cells (lipids).
Hemptourage Effect: refers to the “entourage effect” of compounds present in hemp-derived CBD oil to optimize health and wellness.
Homeostasis: self-regulating process of any system in the body; your body automatically finding balance.
Non-psychotoxic: does not have a detrimental effect on the mind, personality or behavior; does not get you “high.”
Phytocannabinoid: plant-based cannabinoids found in species of cannabis.
Plant Sterol: cholesterol-like compounds that are naturally occurring in plants.
Raw oil: a whole-plant CO2 extraction from agricultural hemp; Cannabidiolic Acid, or CBD-A, comprises a significant proportion of the extracted cannabinoids in the raw oil.
THC: short for tetrahydrocannabinol; a phytocannabinoid found in cannabis shown to have some benefits on human and animal health, however, is responsible for intoxicating effects (i.e., the “high”) associated with marijuana use.
Terpene: a large and diverse class of strong smelling organic compounds, produced by a variety of plants and insects.
Vitamin E: also known as alpha-tocopherol, a fat-soluble vitamin important for normal cell growth and function; found in vegetable oils, egg yolk, and some CBD oil products.